Example 1: Simple way to understand Monitoring and Evaluation Concept – Cooking

Activity Inputs Process Output Outcome Impact
Daily use – example: cooking
Cooking a family dinner -Decisions to cook

– Recipe

-Cooking items

Ingredients (food items)

-Chopping vegetables, meat and others

-Heating pan

-Preparing food items according to recipe

-Cleaning

-Meal is ready for serving -Members of the family eat and enjoy the meal

-Feeling satisfied (not hungry anymore)

Long-term:

-Good nutritional status

-Reduction of health problems due to unhealthy diet

Source: Nirmal Kandel and Jaya Lamichhane

Example 2: Establishing Early Warning Alert and Response Systems (EWARS) for national surveillance system

Plan Inputs Process Output Outcome Impact
Establishing Early Warning Alert and Response Systems (EWARS) for national surveillance system
Establishing EWARS for disease surveillance -Financial resources

-Software / hardware / infrastructure

-Staff

-Sites

-Policy / Strategy / Plans

-Development of guidelines

-Training

-Setting-up software and hardware

-Identification of sites

-Guidelines are available

-Staff is trained

-EWARS is operational in selected sites

-Alerts are detected, investigated and proper response takes place leading to timely response Immediate:

– Prevention/ contention of outbreaks

Long-term:

-Reduction of morbidity and mortality due to epidemics